In instances of parental separation, divorce, desertion, or non-residence
in the same household at any time, a non-custodial parent might
voluntarily provide financial support for his/her child. In more
recent years, public authorities may mandate a level of regular
contributions to child support by the non-custodial parent. In some
countries, administrative agencies or courts assist in collection
if the non-custodial parent does not pay the support or pays irregularly
or inadequately and may impose various sanctions upon non-payment.
These programs are usually coordinated with paternity identification
Helen Barnes, Patricia Day, and Natalie Cronin, Trial and Error:
A Review of U.K. Child Support Policy (London: Family Policy
Studies Policy, Occasional Paper No.24, 1998), "Ch.4, Overseas Experiences
of Child Support Policy," pp. 35-63.
See the article by Jonathan Bradshaw and Christine Skinner entitled
support: The British fiasco" in the Spring 2000 issue
at the Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Alfred J. Kahn and Sheila B. Kamerman, eds., Child Support:
From Debt Collection to Social Policy (Newbury Park, CA., 1998).
James Kunz, Patrick Villeneuve, Irwin Garfinkel, "Child Support
Among Selected OECD Countries: A Comparative Analysis," in Koen
Vlemincx and Timothy Sneeding, Child Well-Being, Child Poverty,
and Child Policy in Modern Nations (Bristol, Eng.: Policy Press,